Daily Archives: April 23, 2017

THE ROLLING STONES Around & Around 1964

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Here’s What they Predicted on the First Earth Day in 1970

American Elephants

The first “Earth Day” was April 22,  1970. Jon Gabriel cast his view back to that fateful day at Ricochet for some of the predictions on that day of the coming apocalypse:

  • “Civilization will end within 15 or 30 years unless immediate action is taken against problems facing mankind.” — Harvard biologist George Wald
  • “We are in an environmental crisis which threatens the survival of this nation, and of the world as a suitable place of human habitation.” — Washington University biologist Barry Commoner
  • “Man must stop pollution and conserve his resources, not merely to enhance existence but to save the race from intolerable deterioration and possible extinction.”New York Times editorial
  • “Population will inevitably and completely outstrip whatever small increases in food supplies we make. The death rate will increase until at least 100-200 million people per year will be starving to death during the next ten years.”

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Science matters because it works

The Logic of Science

Why should you support science? Because it works! It’s crazy to me that I even have to say that, but this is where we are as a society. Various forms and degrees of science denial are running rampant throughout our culture, and attacks on science are being disseminated from the highest levels. Indeed, it has gotten to the point that hundreds of thousands of scientists and science enthusiasts like myself feel compelled to take to the streets to march for science and remind everyone of the fundamental fact that science works and is unparalleled in its ability to inform us about reality and improve our world.

Image via the CDC

Just look around you. Everything that you see was brought to you by science. The batteries that power your electronic devices are a result of scientific advances in chemistry, as are the plastics that make up seemingly everything in our…

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The 1964 General Election Reconsidered.

RGS History

BBC-1964-election-coverag-001

Labour won the 1964 election by a hair’s breadth, with a majority of just 5 seats. To gain a majority, it was thought Labour would need a swing from the Conservatives of around 5%, as Robert McKenzie’s famous swingometer showed here on the night itself. In reality, the picture was much more complex, and has as much to do with the Liberals as it did Labour.

poster_Labour_Party__Labour_Will_Get_Things_Done_1964

Labour’s win in 1964 is often attributed to the leadership of Harold Wilson. The Wilson of 1964 was one of the most effective opposition leaders of the century. He was formidably intelligent, a brilliant Commons performer, good on television, had the popular touch, and fought an upbeat, optimistic campaign we all remember for ‘the white heat of technology’.

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Labour made a net gain of 59 seats, the Conservatives having a net loss of 62. The popular vote tells an interesting story. In 1959, Labour…

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Infographic: The Fall of the Titanic (Richard Johnson)

Michael Sandberg's Data Visualization Blog

Readers:

A few weeks again, we marked the 105 anniversary of the tragic sinking of the RMS Titanic. Four days into it s maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City, late in the night of April 14, 1912 to the early morning hours the next day, more than 1,500 of the 2,224 passengers (and crew) died as a result of the Titanic striking an iceberg and sinking.

At the time of its sinking, it was the deadliest peacetime maritime disaster in history.

In previous blog posts I created, I have shown the work of one of my favorite illustrators, Richard Johnson (photo, right). The following infographic, from Mr. Johnson, illustrates the best estimations science and history can currently make as to what happened in the moments immediately before and after the Titanic disappeared beneath the surface. It is an incredible piece of storytelling and a great visualization.

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The traditional drivers of occupational segregation

The main drivers of female occupational choice are supply-side (Chiswick 2006, 2007). This self-selection of females into occupations with more durable human capital, and into more general educations and more mobile training that allows women to change jobs more often and move in and out of the workforce at less cost to earning power and skills sets.

Chiswick (2006) and Becker (1985, 1993) then suggest that these supply side choices about education and careers are made against a background of a gendered division of labour and effort in the home, and in particular, in housework and the raising of children. These choices in turn reflect how individual preferences and social roles are formed and evolve in society.

gender pay gap in the OECD

These adaptations of women to the operation of the labour market, in turn, reflect a gendered division of labour and household effort in raising families and the accidents of birth as to who has these roles (Chiswick 2006, 2007; Becker 1981, 1985, 1993).

The market is operating fairly well in terms of rewarding what skills and talents people bring to it in light of a gendered division of labour and household effort and the accidents of birth. The issue is one of distributive justice about how these skills and family commitments are allocated and should be allocated outside the market between men and women when raising children. As in related areas such as racial and ethnic wage and employment gaps, these gaps are driven by differences in the skills and talents that people acquired prior to entering the labour market. …