ICLE has released a white paper entitled Vapor products, harm reduction, and taxation: Principles, evidence and a research agenda,authored by ICLE Chief Economist, Eric Fruits.
More than 20 countries have introduced taxation on e-cigarettes and other vapor products. In the United States, several states and local jurisdictions have enacted e-cigarette taxes.
The concept of tobacco harm reduction began in 1976 when Michael Russell, a psychiatrist and lecturer at the Addiction Research Unit of Maudsley Hospital in London, wrote: “People smoke for nicotine but they die from the tar.” Russell hypothesized that reducing the ratio of tar to nicotine could be the key to safer smoking.
Since then, much of the harm from smoking has been well-established as caused almost exclusively by toxicants released through the combustion of tobacco. Public Health England and the American Cancer Society have concluded non-combustible tobacco products as well as pure nicotine products…
View original post 1,422 more words