Why are French jobs so miserable and dangerous?

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Data extracted on 08 Mar 2017 01:49 UTC (GMT) from OECD.Stat

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Tertiary educational attainment, 2000 and 2014, USA, UK, France, Germany, Canada, Australia

The British, Australians, and Italians experienced strong growth in tertiary attainment since the year 2000. In the case of the Italians, it was from a low base. There is still a big difference in tertiary attainment between English-speaking and other countries.

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Source: OECD Factbook 2015-2016.

German, French, British, and US real housing prices, March 1975 to March 2016

Still have not seen a decent explanation for why German housing prices seem to fall for decades on the trot.

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Source: International House Price Database – Dallas Fed.

Equilibrium unemployment rate: USA, UK, France, Germany, Canada & Australia, 1985-2017

I do admire the way in which the USA has been able to have a steadily falling equilibrium unemployment rate since 1984 through thick and thin. The Great Recession had no impact on the US equilibrium unemployment rate. Not only has the largest member been able to do this, the OECD host country (red squares) has had a pretty steady natural unemployment rate too all things considered.

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Source: OECD Economic Outlook June 2016 Data extracted on 01 Jun 2016 12:40 UTC (GMT) from OECD.Stat

Trading across Borders Doing Business ranking 2016 – high income OECD countries

What did Australia do wrong to have the worst ranking of the high income countries for doing business across borders. New Zealand is not much better. The British are not benefiting as much as they could from the common market. Being in continental Europe must have advantages except if your Germany.

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Source: Historical Data – Doing Business- World Bank Group.

Gap in GDP per Australian, Canadian, French, German, Japanese, New Zealander and British hour worked with the USA

This data tells more of a story than I expected. Firstly, New Zealand has not been catching up with the USA. Japan stopped catching up with the USA in 1990. Canada has been drifting away from the USA for a good 30 years now in labour productivity.image

Data extracted on 28 May 2016 05:15 UTC (GMT) from OECD.Stat from OECD Compendium of Productivity Indicators 2016 – en – OECD.

Australia has not been catching up with the USA much at all since 1970. It has maintained a pretty consistent gap with New Zealand despite all the talk of a resource boom in the Australia; you cannot spot it in this date are here.

Germany and France caught up pretty much with the USA by 1990. Oddly, Eurosclerosis applied from then on terms of growth in income per capita.

European labour productivity data is hard to assess because their high taxes lead to a smaller services sector where the services can be do-it-yourself. This pumps up European labour productivity because of smaller sectors with low productivity growth.

Waiting for the permits to come in: business start-up fees and lost output waiting in Europe and North America

Expediting the processing of permits can actually make quite a difference to firm start-up costs even in countries with few barriers to starting up a business.

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Source: Markus Poschke (2011) Entry regulation: Still costly | VOX, CEPR’s Policy Portal.

Note: The value of time is set to a business day’s output per day of waiting time at 22 business days per month.

The cost of starting a business in Europe and North America

These measures including the full cost of starting a business. Not only are official fees included, the opportunity cost of the waiting times for various permits are issued are added as well.

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Source: Markus Poschke, Entry regulation: Still costly | VOX, CEPR’s Policy Portal (2011).

Note: The value of time is set to a business day’s output per day of waiting time at 22 business days per month.