Revealed preference rules. Not only do about half of unemployed turned down offers of zero hour contract jobs, those that switch from a zero hours contract to minimum hours are not much different from the number of people in these type of jobs who would be quitting to another job anyway.
The Vice Fund has outperformed the S&P 500 since 2004. They invest in sinful stocks as its managers describe it:
Designed with the goal of delivering better risk-adjusted returns than the S&P 500 Index. It invests primarily in stocks in the tobacco, alcohol, gaming and defence industries. Vice Funds believe these industries tend to thrive regardless of the economy as a whole.
The Vice Fund was founded in 2002 to specialise in socially irresponsible stocks such as gambling, alcohol , tobacco and defence contracting. The Vice Fund is not recession proof, but did do better in the 2009 market crash.
The Vice fund also has high management fees of 2%. Americans can buy Vanguard’s or Fidelity’s index funds and pay only 0.1% in expenses. The Vice Fund may have buckled under the heat because it has rebranded:
The Vice Fund is now called the Barrier Fund. The investment strategy and the portfolio manager have not changed… The Barrier Fund invests in companies, both domestic and foreign, within industries that have significant barriers to entry.
To confuse further, the Catholic Values Fund revealed that it shared investments in defence contractors with the Vice Fund. The Vice Fund invested in staid Berkshire Hathaway and Microsoft.
HT: Investing in Vice.