There is much to be learned from the economics and sociology of oppositional identities.
As Roland Fryer pointed out, what is most important to the average 13-year-old is to be popular. Among some minorities, being popular and being smart are not compatible.
My analysis confirms that acting white is a vexing reality within a subset of American schools.
But Fryer also found that “In predominantly black schools, I find no evidence at all that getting good grades adversely affects students’ popularity”
Ardern said there had been market failures in New Zealand such as … most people’s incomes not keeping up with inflation…
Source: Economist Bill Rosenberg details how low and middle-income wages have been hollowed out as higher earners experienced greater growth while those below them had to work more hours each week | interest.co.nz.
New work by Chris Ball and John Creedy shows substantial *declines* in NZ inequality.
Source: “Using Tax Data to Measure Long-Term Trends in U.S. Income Inequality.”
David Splinter and
Gerald Auten. Working paper for the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Economics Association, 2016.