Solomon Polachek was minding his own business back in 1975 looking for evidence to show occupational crowding and that women were pushed into low paid occupations by sex discrimination, and in particular, employer discrimination. About 60 per cent of women still work in just 10 occupations. the occupations which are female-dominated are often relatively poorly paid jobs
By chance, Polachek departed from the usual empirical strategy for estimating the male-female wage gap at that time.
Rather than include a dummy variable to estimate discrimination after various factors have been taken into account, he introduced dummy variables that took account of both gender and marital status. His results were startling.
He previously was able to explain about 35% of the wage gap using the data at hand and variables he was using.
This 35% gap dropped to 18% for single never married males and females, but his ability to explain the…
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