The flaw in this wishful thinking is the war cabinet was still split three-three on peace. This allowed for a face-saving intervention of a ceremonial head of state.
There was then a coup attempt by junior officers with the army generals in Tokyo sitting on sidelines waiting to join whomever was the winning side.
Hiroshima was bombed by the US on August 6, 1945.
The common argument in favor of the decision to drop the bomb was that the Japanese would have drawn out the war and many Allied lives were at stake.
There is strong evidence against this claim. Following is a sampling of it.
Some relevant citations:
General Eisenhower described his meeting with Secretary of War Stimson:
I voiced to him my grave misgivings, first on the basis of my belief that Japan was already defeated and that dropping the bomb was completely unnecessary, and secondly because I thought that our country should avoid shocking world opinion by the use of a weapon whose employment was, I thought, no longer mandatory as a measure to save American lives.
US Strategic Bombing Survey (which interviewed high-level Japanese decision-makers immediately after the war):
Based on a detailed investigations of all the facts and…
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