1501 – Katherine of Aragon marries Prince Arthur of England.
1502 – Prince Arthur dies.
1504 – Pope Julius II annuls marriage of Katherine and Arthur.
1509 – Henry VIII succeeds to the throne and marries Katherine of Aragon:-
Katherine testified that her marriage to Arthur was never consummated, and so a dispensation was granted to allow her to marry Henry. The matter of consummation was later a central issue in the divorce.
1516 – Princess Mary (later Mary I) born.
1517 – Luther posts his 95 theses on a church door in Wittenburg in Germany, formally beginning the Protestant Reformation in Europe:-
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